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Class 12 RBSE

Panorama Chapter 1 The Tiger King

Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 12 English Panorama Chapter 1 The Tiger King

The Tiger King Summary In English

The Maharaja of Pratibandapuram is the hero of this story. He also came to be known as Tiger King. As soon as he was born, astrologers had foretold that one day the Tiger King would actually have to die. The ten-day-old prince addressed the astrologers as “O wise prophets”. He asked them to tell him the manner of his death. The chief astrologer said that death would come from the Tiger. The prince growled, “Let tigers beware!”

When the crown prince came of age at twenty, his state came into his hands. There were many forests in the Pratibandapuram State. They had tigers in them. The Maharaja started out on a tiger hunt. The Maharaja was thrilled when he killed his first tiger. He sent for the state astrologer. The old man said, “Your majesty may kill ninety-nine tigers in exactly the same manner. But you must be very careful with the hundredth tiger.” The astrologer promised to tear up all his books on astrology and set fire to them if he killed the hundredth tiger.

The state banned tiger hunting by anyone except the Maharaja. The Maharaja vowed he would attend to all other matters only after killing a hundred tigers. Initially, the king seemed well set to realize his ambition. He faced many dangers too. Sometimes the bullet missed its mark. The tiger jumped upon him. He fought the beast with his bare hands. Each time it was the Maharaja who won.

Once he was in danger of losing his throne. A high-ranking British officer visited Pratibandapuram. He was very fond of hunting tigers and fonder of being photographed with the tigers he had shot. He wished to hunt tigers in Pratibandapuram. The Maharaja was firm in his resolve. He refused permission. Since he had prevented a British officer from fulfilling his desire, the Maharaja stood in danger of losing his kingdom itself. The Maharaja and the dewan held deliberations over this issue. About fifty expensive diamond rings of different designs were sent to the British officer’s good lady. The king and the minister expected her to choose one or two rings and send the rest back. But she kept all of them and sent a letter of thanks. The Maharaja was happy that though he had lost three lakh of rupees, he had managed to retain his kingdom.

The Maharaja’s tiger hunt continued to be highly successful. Within ten years he had killed seventy tigers. But then there were no tigers left in Pratibandapuram. One day the Maharaja sent for his dewan and told him that thirty tigers still remained to be shot down by his gun. He told the dewan that he had decided to get married. The dewan found the right girl from a state with a large number of tigers. Each time Maharaja Jung Jung Bahadur visited his father-in-law, he killed five or six tigers. In this way, ninety-nine tiger skins adorned the walls of the reception hall in the Pratibandapuram palace.

There remained just one tiger to be killed to reach the figure of a hundred. But the tiger farms had now run dry even in his father-in-law’s kingdom. It became impossible to locate tigers anywhere. The Maharaja was sunk in gloom. Soon he got happy news. In his own state sheep began to disappear frequently from a hillside village. Surely, a tiger was at work. The villagers ran to inform the Maharaja, but the tiger was not easily found. The Maharaja refused to leave the forest until the tiger was found. Maharaja’s anger and obstinacy rose higher. Many officers lost their jobs.

One day the Tiger King was very angry. He called the dewan and ordered him to double the land tax forthwith. The dewan said that the people would become discontented. Then their state too would fall prey to the Indian National Congress. The king asked the dewan to resign. The dewan felt afraid. He felt life returning to him only when he saw the tiger which had been brought from the People’s Park in Madras and kept hidden in his house.

At midnight the town was sleeping in peace. The dewan and his aged wife dragged the old tiger to the car and shoved it into the seat. The dewan himself drove the car straight to the forest where the Maharaja was hunting. Now the tiger refused to get out of the car. Somehow the dewan hauled the beast out of the car and pushed it down to the ground.

On the following day, the same old tiger wandered into the Maharaja’s presence and stood there. It was with boundless joy that the Maharaja took careful aim at the beast. The tiger fell in a crumpled heap. The Maharaja was happy that his vow to kill a hundred tigers had been fulfilled. Ordering the tiger to be brought to the capital in a grand procession, Maharaja left in his car. After the Maharaja left, the hunters went to take a closer look at the tiger. The tiger rolled its eyes and looked back at them. The men realized that the tiger was not dead. The bullet had missed it. It had fainted from the shock of the bullet whizzing past. One of the hunters took aim from a distance of one foot and shot the tiger. The dead tiger was taken in procession through the town and buried.

A few days later the third birthday of the Maharaja’s son was celebrated. He wished to give him some special gift on his birthday. He spotted a wooden tiger in a toyshop and decided it was the perfect gift. The wooden tiger cost only two annas and a quarter. But the shopkeeper called it a bargain at three hundred rupees. He praised it as an extremely rare example of craftsmanship. Actually, it had been carved by an unskilled carpenter. Its surface was rough. Tiny slivers of wood stood up like quills all over it. When the Maharaja was playing with his son, one of those slivers pierced the Maharaja’s right hand. He pulled it out with his left hand and continued to play with the prince.

The next day, infection flared in the Maharaja’s right hand. In four days, it developed into sore emitting pus. It spread all over his arm. Three famous surgeons were brought in from Madras. After holding a consultation, they decided to operate. The operation was successful but the Maharaja died. In this manner, the hundredth tiger took its final revenge upon the Tiger King.

The Tiger King Summary In Hindi

प्रतिबन्धपुरम का महाराज इस कहानी का नायक है। वह ‘टाइगर किंग’ के नाम से भी विख्यात हुआ (जाना गया)। जब उसका जन्म हुआ तो ज्योतिषियों ने उसी समय भविष्यवाणी की थी कि एक दिन बाघ राजा को वास्तव में मरना पड़ेगा। दस दिन की आयु के राजकुमार ने भविष्यवक्ताओं को ‘ओ बुद्धिमान भविष्य द्रष्टाओ!’ कह कर सम्बोधित किया। उसने उन्हें उसकी मृत्यु का ढंग बताने को कहा। मुख्य ज्योतिषी ने कहा कि मृत्यु शेर (बाघ) द्वारा आयेगी। राजकुमार गुर्राया, “बाघों को सावधान कर दो!”

जबे युवराज बीस वर्ष की आयु में वयस्क हुआ, तो उसका राज्य उसके हाथ में आ गया। प्रतिबन्धपुरम राज्य में कई जंगल थे। उनमें बाघ भी थे। महाराजा ने बाघ का शिकार करना आरम्भ कर दिया। जब उसने पहली बाघ मारा तो राजा रोमान्चित हुआ। उसने राजकीय ज्योतिषी को बुलवाया। वृद्ध व्यक्ति ने कहा, “महाराजाधिराज, चाहे आप इस ढंग से 99 बाघ मार दें किन्तु आप को 100वें बाघ से अत्यन्त सावधान रहना चाहिए। यदि वह 100वें बाघ को मार पाया, तो ज्योतिषी ने प्रण किया कि वह ज्योतिष की अपनी सभी पुस्तकें फाड़ डालेगा तथा उन्हें आग लगा देगा।”

राज्य में महाराजा के अतिरिक्त किसी अन्य द्वारा बाघ के आखेट (शिकार) पर प्रतिबन्ध लगा दिया गया । महाराजा ने शपथ ली कि वह अन्य सभी मामलों की ओर पूरे 100 बाघ मारने के उपरान्त ही ध्यान देगा। आरम्भ में राजा अपनी महत्वाकांक्षा पूरी करने में पूर्णतया सुनिश्चित लगा। उसने कई खतरों का भी सामना किया। कई बार गोली अपना निशाना चूक जाती। बाघ उस पर उछल पड़ता। वह अपने नंगे हाथों से बाघ से लड़ता। प्रत्येक बार महाराजा ही विजयी होता।

एक बार उस पर अपनी राजगद्दी गंवाने का खतरा था। एक उच्च पद पर आसीन ब्रिटिश अधिकारी ने प्रतिबन्धपुरम का भ्रमण किया। वह बाघ के आखेट में बहुत रुचि रखता था तथा इससे भी अधिक शोकीन था अपने द्वारा मारे गये बाघों के साथ चित्र खिंचवाने का। वह प्रतिबन्धपुरम में बाघ का आखेट करना चाहता था। महाराजा भी अपने संकल्प में दृढ़ रहा। उसने अनुमति प्रदान करने से मना कर दिया। क्योंकि उसने एक ब्रिटिश अधिकारी को अपनी इच्छा पूरी करने से रोका था, महाराजा पर अपना राज्य गंवाने का खतरा मंडराने लगा। इस समस्या पर महाराजा तथा दीवान ने विचार-विमर्श किया। विभिन्न डिजाइनों की लगभग 50 महंगे हीरों की अंगूठियां ब्रिटिश अधिकारी की पत्नी के पास भेजी गईं। राजा तथा मन्त्री आशा करते थे कि वह एक अथवा दो को चुन लेगी तथा शेष को लौटा देगी। परन्तु उसने सभी रख ली तथा धन्यवाद का पत्र भेज दिया। यद्यपि महाराजा ने तीन लाख रुपये मँवा दिये थे, किन्तु वह प्रसन्न था क्योंकि वह अपना राज्य तो बचा पाने में सक्षम रहा।

महाराजा के बाघ-आखेट अत्यन्त सफल होते रहे। दस वर्ष के भीतर ही उसने सत्तर बाघ मार डाले थे। किन्तु फिर प्रतिबन्धपुरम में कोई बाघ नहीं बचा। एक दिन महाराजा ने अपने दीवान को बुलवाया तथा उसे बताया कि उसकी बन्दूक द्वारा अभी 30 बाघों का आखेट करना शेष था। उसने दीवान को बताया कि उसने विवाह करने का निर्णय कर लिया था। दीवान ने ऐसे राज्य की सही कन्या का चुनाव किया जिसमें बाघ बहुत बड़ी संख्या में थे। प्रत्येक बार जब महाराजा जंग जंग बहादुर अपने ससुर से मिलने जाता, तो वह पाँच या छह बाघ मार डालता। इस प्रकार प्रतिबन्धपुरम के राजमहल के स्वागत कक्ष की दीवारें 99 बाघों की खालों से सुसज्जित हो गई थीं।

एक सौ की संख्या पर पहुँचने के लिये केवल एक बाघ को मारना शेष था। किन्तु अब उसके ससुर के राज्य में भी बाघों के प्रांगण शुष्क (बाघ-विहीन) हो गये। बाघों को कहीं भी ढूंढना असम्भव हो गया। महाराजा उदासी में डूब गया। शीघ्र ही उसे एक सुखद समाचार मिला। उसके अपने राज्य में, पहाड़ी के पास वाले गाँव में, भेड़े प्रायः गायब होने लगीं। निश्चय ही कोई बाघ कार्यरत था। ग्रामीण लोग महाराज को समाचार देने दौड़े, किन्तु बाघ सरलता से नहीं पाया गया। महाराजा का क्रोध तथा हठ (जिद्दीपन) ऊपर चढ़ता गया। कई अधिकारी अपनी नौकरियाँ आँवा बैठे।

एक दिन बाघ-राजा अत्यधिक क्रोधित थी। उसने दीवान को बुलाया तथा तुरन्त लगान को दो गुणा करने का आदेश दिया। दीवान ने कहा कि लोग असन्तुष्ट हो जायेंगे, फिर उनका प्रदेश (राज्य) भी भारतीय राष्ट्रीय काँग्रेस का शिकार बन जायेगा। राजा ने दीवान को त्याग पत्र देने को कहा। दीवान भयभीत हो गया। उसे अपना जीवन लौटता हुआ तभी महसूस हुआ जब उसने उस बाघ को देखा जिसे मद्रास के जन-उद्यान से लाया गया था तथा उसके घर में छिपा कर रखा गया था।

आधीरात को नगर शान्तिपूर्वक सो रहा था। दीवान तथा उसकी वृद्धा पत्नी ने बूढ़े बाघ को कार तक घसीटा तथा इसको सीट पर धकेल दिया। दीवान ने स्वयं गाड़ी सीधे उस जंगल तक चलाई जहाँ महाराजा शिकार कर रहे थे। अब बाघ ने कार से बाहर निकलने से इन्कार कर दिया। किसी प्रकार दीवान ने इस (हिंसक) पशु को उठाकर कार से बाहर फेंका तथा भूमि (जमीन) पर धकेला।।

अगले दिन, वहीं बाघ घूमता हुआ महाराजा के सामने पहुँचा तथा वहाँ खड़ा हो गया। असीमित आनन्द सहित महाराजा ने सावधानीपूर्वक बाघ का निशाना साधा। बाघ एक सिकुड़ा हुआ ढेर हो गया। महाराजा प्रसन्न था कि उसका एक सौ बाघों को मारने का प्रण पूरा हो गया था। महाराजा ने आदेश दिया कि बाघ को भव्य शोभा-यात्रा द्वारा राजधानी लाया जाए तथा अपनी कार में चला गया। महाराजा के जाने के पश्चात्, शिकारी बाघ को समीप से देखने पहुँचे । बाघ ने अपनी आँखें घुमाईं तथा उनकी ओर देखा। लोगों ने समझ लिया कि बाघ मरा नहीं थी। गोली निशाना चूक गई थी। वह तो गोली के पास से निकलने की ध्वनि से ही मूर्छित हो गया था। शिकारियों में से एक ने एक फुट के फासले से निशाना साधा तथा बाघ को गोली से मार गिराया। मृत बाघ को नगर में शोभायात्रा (जुलूस) में ले जाया गया तथा दफना दिया गया।

कुछ दिन पश्चात महाराजा के पुत्र का तीसरा जन्म दिवस मनाया गया। वह अपने पुत्र को उसके जन्मदिन पर कुछ विशेष उपहार देना चाहता था। उसने खिलौनों की दुकान में लकड़ी का बना बाघ देखा और निर्णय किया कि यह सम्पूर्ण उपहार था। लकड़ी का बाघ केवल सवा दो आने की लागत का था। किन्तु दुकानदार ने तो इसे 300 रु० मूल्य पर भी लाभ का सौदा बताया। उसने इसकी कारीगरी की अत्यन्त दुर्लभ उदाहरण के रूप में प्रशंसा की। वास्तव में इसे एक अकुशल बढ़ई द्वारा तराशा गया था। इसका तल असमान (खुरदरा) था। इसके ऊपर प्रत्येक स्थान पर साही के काँटों की भाँति लकड़ी के नुकीले लम्बे टुकड़े उभरे हुए थे। जब महाराजा अपने पुत्र के साथ खेल रहा था, तो इन लम्बी उभरी हुई फाँसों में से एक महाराजा के दायें हाथ में छेद करती घुस गई। उसने इसे अपने बायें हाथ से खींच निकाला तथा राजकुमार के साथ खेलता रहा।

अगले दिन राजा के दाहिने हाथ में संक्रमण फैल गया। चार दिन में यह मवाद निकलने वाले घाव (फोड़े) में बदल गया। यह उसके पूरे बाजू में फैल गया। मद्रास से तीन प्रसिद्ध शल्य-चिकित्सक लाये गये। विचार-विमर्श के उपरान्त उन्होंने शल्य-क्रिया (आपरेशन) करने का निर्णय लिया। शल्य-क्रिया सफल रही, किन्तु महाराजा मर गया।
इस प्रकार सौवें बाघ ने बाघ-राजा से अन्ततः बदला ले ही लिया।

RBSE Class 12 English Panorama Chapter 1 Textual Questions

Comprehension Questions 

  1. Choose the correct alternative:

Question 1. The Maharaja was determined to kill them
(a) hundredth lion
(b) hundredth tiger
(c) hundredth elephant
(d) hundredth leopard

Question 2. The royal astrologer’s prediction was that the Tiger King would be killed by a ………
(a) lion
(b) leopard
(c) tiger
(d) snake

Question 3. The Dewan had brought the hundredth tiger from the ………….
(a) Gir forest
(b) Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary
(c) People’s Park in Madras
(d) National Park Mumbai

Question 4. The reason for the death of the Maharaja was ……………….
(a) the sliver of a golden toy tiger
(b) the sliver of a wooden toy tiger
(c) the sliver of a silver toy tiger
(d) nails of a real tiger

Question 5. The hundredth tiger was actually killed by the …….
(a) Maharaja
(b) hunter
(c) Dewan
(d) villagers

Answers:

  1. (b)
  2. (c)
  3. (c)
  4. (b)
  5. (b)
  6. Answer the following questions in 30-40 words each:

Question 1. Who was the Tiger King? Why did he get that name?
Answer: The Tiger King was the king of Pratibandapuram. At the time of his birth, royal astrologers predicted his death to be caused by a tiger. When he grew up, he hunted ninety-nine tigers. For killing so many tigers, he got the name ‘Tiger King’.

Question 2. What miracle happened when the tiger king was just an infant?
Answer: When the Tiger king was only ten days old, royal astrologers predicted that one day he would have to die. At this, the infant asked them to tell the manner of his death. All were surprised to hear the infant speaking so clearly. This was a miracle.

Question 3. How was Prince Jung Bahadur brought up?
Answer: The crown prince was brought up by an English nanny. He drank the milk of an English cow. He was tutored in English by an Englishman. He saw only English films. Thus, he was brought up exactly as the crown princes of all other Indian states did.

Question 4. “You may kill even a cow in self-defense”. What did this old saying mean to the Tiger King?
Answer: The cow is a sacred animal and it must not be killed except in self-defense. For the Tiger King it meant that if a cow can be killed in self-defense, there is no harm in killing a tiger in self-defense.

Question 5. How did the Tiger King feel when he killed his first tiger? Why did he send for the royal astrologer?
Answer: The Tiger King was thrilled beyond measure when he killed his first tiger. He sent for the royal astrologer to show him that he had proved his prediction wrong and that he could kill other tigers with equal ease.

Question 6. Why was tiger hunting banned in Pratibandapuram?
Answer: The Maharaja of Pratibandapuram was told by astrologers that a tiger would cause his death. So he decided to hunt a hundred tigers. Tiger hunting was banned there because the Maharaja himself wanted to hunt all the tigers.

Question 7. What steps did the King take to complete his mission?
Answer: To complete the King’s mission, the state banned tiger hunting by anyone except the Maharaja. If anyone dared to fling so much as a stone at a tiger, all his wealth and property would be confiscated. The king vowed to attend all the other matters only after killing a hundred tigers.

Question 8. Why did the Tiger King decide to marry a girl of the royal family of a state with a large tiger population?
Answer: The Tiger King decided to marry a princess from a state which had a large population of tigers so that he might get a large number of tigers to hunt.

  1. Answer the following questions in 125 words each:

Question 1. How did the prediction of the astrologers about the King of the Pratibandapuram come true?
Answer: It was the royal astrologers’ prediction that the Tiger King would be killed by a tiger. When the King came of age, he sat on the throne of the state. He banned hunting tigers by anybody in his state except for himself. He killed the first tiger and showed his bravery to the state astrologer. The astrologer told him that he might kill ninety-nine tigers the same way but the hundredth tiger might bring about his death. The King decided to kill one hundred tigers. When he shot the hundredth tiger, the bullet whizzed by the tiger and it fell down in a faint but was not killed. The King thought that he had killed the hundredth tiger. Some days later on his son’s birthday, he bought a wooden toy-tiger. A sliver from its rough surface pierced into his hand. Ultimately the infection proved fatal. Thus Tiger King died and the prediction proved true.

Question 2.How did the Tiger King come in the danger of losing his throne and how did he save his kingdom?
Answer: Once a British officer visited Pratibandapuram. He wished to hunt tigers. But the Maharaja refused permission as he had resolved to hunt all tigers by himself. The British officer sent a message that the Maharaja could do the actual killing. He just wanted a photograph of himself holding the gun and standing over the tiger’s carcass. The Maharaja did not agree to even this. Now for preventing a British officer from fulfilling his desire, the Maharaja stood in danger of losing his kingdom. The Maharaja sent some fifty expensive diamond rings to the officer’s wife to choose one or two out of them. But she kept all the rings. The Maharaja had to pay a bill for 3 lakh rupees. Hence, by sending precious diamond rings as a gift, he came out of the crisis.

Question 3.How was the hundredth tiger found and killed? (S. S. Exam 2018)
Answer: The Maharaja was sunk in the gloom as he was unable to locate the hundredth tiger. But he was determined to kill the hundredth tiger and so remained in the forest and did not return to his kingdom. After a few days, he saw an old tiger, The Dewan had brought this tiger from the People’s Park in Madras and kept it hidden in his house. To protect his job, he had secretly brought the tiger to the forest for the Maharaja’s hunt. The Maharaja shot at the tiger and it fell down. The Maharaja took it to be dead and left for his capital. Later on, the hunters found that the tiger was not dead. It had just fainted because of fear. The Maharaja’s bullet had missed its mark. Now, one of the hunters shot the tiger. This time the tiger was killed.

Question 4. What was the rumour rife in Pratibadhapuram?
Answer: There was a rumor rife in Pratibandapuram regarding the king. It was about a miracle that took place at the time of his birth. The astrologers predicted that he would have to die one day. At this, the newly born infant spoke in a clear voice. He said that there was nothing new about the prediction. Everyone who is born has to die one day. In a clear voice, he enquired about the manner of his death. The astrologers replied that a tiger would be the cause of his death. At this, the infant growled. He said, “Let tigers beware!” The people often discussed this incident. This account was only a rumor rife in Pratibandapuram. But after some time it proved true and the king became the prey of a tiger though it was a wooden Tiger.

 

  1. State True Or False: 

Question 1. The Tiger King is the king of Pratibandapuram.
Question 2. Royal astrologers predicted his death to be caused by a snake.
Question 3. The king hunted ninety-nine tigers.
Question 4.The Tiger King’s story is a satire on the conceit of those in power.
Question 5. The Maharaja had killed all the tigers found within his state.
Question 6. The Maharaja ordered his Dewan to find the nineteenth tiger at any rate.

Answers:
1. True
2. False
3. True
4. True
5. True
6. False

  1. Creative Writing:

Question: Imagine the world devoid of tigers. How would it adversely affect the ecological balance?
Answer: A safe ecology will guarantee a safe life on the earth. But the Earth today is a different planet from what it used to be. Forests have been destroyed. Roads have been made through mountains. Glaciers are shrinking. Toxic gases are polluting the environment. Global warming poses a great danger to all life on Earth. We are inviting a number of natural calamities such as drought, floods, cyclones, etc. The depletion of the Ozone layer has put our survival in danger. In the same way, tigers are unique animals that play a pivotal role in the health and diversity of an ecosystem. The loss of tigers from their natural habitat has resulted in irreversible changes in natural ecosystems. We know that the tiger is at the top of the food chain and the decline of large predators may lead to over-abundance of herbivores such as deer, which in turn has repercussions on tree regeneration and seed dispersal. Its effect can be seen on the food web. It is causing long term changes in natural flora and fauna. This could result in a loss of species. The extinction of tigers leads to the destruction of forests. Forests are water catchment areas. Without forests, the groundwater level and rainfall will be reduced. At this stage, we are in dire need of a system that may protect our ecology. We have to create a balance between development and the natural atmosphere. We cannot afford development at the cost of spoiling our ecology. Our ecology has to be protected in every possible way. A safe ecology will guarantee safe life on the Earth. We urgently need to stop our anti-nature activities.

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